Matters needing attention in winter decoration

  • Detail

With the improvement of various technologies in modern home decoration, even in winter decoration will not have much impact on the quality of decoration, and decoration in winter has advantages that are not available in other seasons. But there are also problems and precautions in winter decoration that are not found in other seasons. Here are ten common precautions. I. keep indoor ventilation to ensure fast release of toxic gases and avoid residues. 1. After decoration in winter, keep ventilation for at least seven days. In a large number of homes

with the improvement of various technologies in modern home decoration, even in winter decoration will not have much impact on the quality of decoration, and decoration in winter has advantages that are not available in other seasons. But there are also problems and precautions in winter decoration that are not found in other seasons. Here are ten common precautions

1. The room should be ventilated frequently to ensure the rapid release of toxic gases and avoid residues

1. After decoration in winter, it should be ventilated continuously for at least seven days. After a large number of furniture, carpets and fabrics are placed in the room, they should be left vacant for a few days and then checked in after ventilation, so as to avoid the centralized volatilization of a large number of harmful substances and polluting the environment. All furniture should be opened and left vacant for a few days before hanging clothes

2. The ventilation method of opening large windows on the south side and small windows on the north side should be adopted for the ventilation of the room. The indoor temperature and ventilation volume should be reasonably controlled, and strong ventilation should not be adopted

3. The kitchen and bathroom exhaust fans and kitchen smoking machines can be properly turned on to enhance the indoor ventilation

4. Use air humidifier to humidify the indoor air, or place clear water containers on the indoor heating to humidify and keep the indoor air moist

5. Try to use detergent with surfactant as the main component to wipe and clean the traces of interior decoration, and do not use highly volatile solvents such as gasoline, alcohol, etc

6. The wooden floor should be waxed once a week or every two weeks. It should not be waxed frequently. It can be dragged and wiped with a wet soft cloth every day

7. Green plants should be properly placed indoors

second, avoid heating and release building materials to prevent wood deformation

1. Stack wood and plates 0.8 meters away from the heat source to avoid cracking and deformation of wood and plates due to overheating

2. In the room with geothermal heating, when stacking wood and all kinds of man-made boards, a wooden pad should be added at the bottom of the board to avoid cracking and deformation of the wood

3. Every two decorative panels are a pair, stacked face-to-face, layer by layer, and loaded with pressure on the upper surface with a large core board to ensure that the decorative panels do not curl, deform or crack

4. Water based coatings and adhesives should be stored in the room with high temperature, and should not be placed on the balcony or in the room facing north to prevent freezing damage

5. Paint and volatile chemicals should be stored separately, away from heat sources, and the room should be continuously ventilated

6. Use van to transport construction materials, water-based coatings and adhesives, and use thermal insulation materials to avoid freezing

7. The three and five centimeter plates of the decorative panel shall not be placed on the top layer of the loading and stowage to avoid deformation and cracking during transportation

8. Water based materials should be inspected after being delivered to the site. Once they are found to be deteriorated or denatured, they should be returned to the warehouse in time and prohibited from use

III. prevent fire and avoid construction workers staying overnight at the site

when decorating in winter, some houses are not heated indoors, and some decorators will use open fire to keep warm indoors, which is very dangerous, and it is very easy to cause hypoxia, poisoning and even fire

in addition, attention should also be paid to when there is too much dust. In dry areas, dust (powdered combustible solid) may cause explosion when encountering open fire when reaching a certain concentration. In addition, because the newly purchased materials generally have strong volatile smell, they are easy to be poisoned without opening the window

special tips: in winter decoration, it is best to give workers enough warm clothes or bedding. If possible, workers are advised not to spend the night in the construction site without heating or with low room temperature

IV. if the room temperature at the decoration site is lower than 5 degrees Celsius, construction must not be carried out.

if the room temperature is lower than 5 degrees Celsius, winter construction cannot be carried out. In winter, the temperature is low, and if the plastering, puttying, tiling and other working surfaces are frozen, there will be quality problems such as hollowing. For the room without heating, when the temperature cannot meet the requirements, the construction shall be suspended or the heating equipment shall be increased to increase the indoor temperature

v. all timbers can be used only after being placed indoors for 3 days

in winter, the temperature difference between indoor and outdoor is large. Whether wall tiles or floor tiles, they must be paved when they adapt to the indoor temperature, so as to avoid hollowing and falling off after construction. In addition, the paving of wood floors should also be paid special attention. If the indoor temperature is relatively high, the paving gap between wood floors should be as small as possible. On the contrary, if the indoor temperature is relatively low, the gap between plates can be larger

it is best to place the wood in the room with heating equipment for 3 to 5 days to volatilize the moisture produced due to temperature changes, so that the moisture content of the wood is close to the level of the house. Some auxiliary materials, such as wood keel, woodwork, gypsum board, etc., are prone to mildew and crack and deform after being affected by moisture. Such a situation should be avoided as much as possible

VI. Windows cannot be opened for ventilation immediately after strong cold air strikes or snow

although it is a warm winter, it just means that the overall average temperature in winter is higher than that of the whole year, not that there will be no strong cooling weather. Therefore, special attention should be paid to coating construction at low temperature and opening windows for ventilation after snow melting. The application temperature shall be higher than 5 ° C. As the ambient temperature of coating should not be lower than 5 ° C, doors and windows should be closed first in winter decoration construction to ensure that the indoor temperature is not lower than 5 ° C at least. On the one hand, this can ensure the indoor temperature, on the other hand, it can also prevent the outdoor wind and sand from blowing on the wet furniture and walls, resulting in roughness and unevenness. When rain and snow fall in warm winter, because the temperature of surrounding buildings (especially the ground) is high, the snowflakes melt immediately when they reach the ground, and it is not easy to form snow. In such an environment, when opening windows for ventilation, you should wait until the paint is fully dry, then open the doors and windows for ventilation, and pay attention to grasp the time

VII. There should be no ice in the sand pasted with tiles

the low temperature in winter will have a great impact on the solidification of concrete and cement mortar and the strength after solidification, which will lead to the reduction of project quality. Maintaining the indoor temperature is the key to this process. However, the decoration works of ordinary families rarely involve civil engineering, so this problem is not very common. The sand should be carefully sieved without ice. Antifreeze should be added appropriately. When mixing mortar, the temperature of water should not exceed 80 ℃, which should be adjusted frequently as needed. The curing time of bricklayer construction should be extended from 48 to 72 hours

after the slotting construction of water and electricity lines, the cement mortar used to fill the grooves should use pneumatic (dry) mortar, and the batch scraping wall works or other processes should not be carried out until 48 hours after filling (room temperature above 5 ℃)

VIII. The putty near all heating should not be too thick

because the indoor air is dry and the water loss is fast, the putty before oil work should not be too thick, otherwise it is easy to cause hollowing, cracking and wall inequality. Indoor cement mortar plastering, tiling and other processes, close to the heating, should prevent the local high temperature from causing the mortar to dry too fast to form cracks, tile peeling and other phenomena

IX. people must close the windows when walking, otherwise the heating will be frozen

1: protect the heating fins and pipelines during construction. Once the construction is damaged, it is troublesome to repair it with hot water

2: generally, the radiator is at the window. When opening the window due to the smell of construction, pay attention to people walking through the window. Prevent the radiator from freezing when the water is cut off at night. 10. Abuse of antifreeze may cause indoor air pollution. Be careful with antifreeze. There is also a problem of using antifreeze in winter construction. The use of antifreeze in building decoration can make the concrete harden under negative temperature and achieve sufficient antifreeze strength within the specified time. However, nitrite, the main component of antifreeze, will be poisoned if it is ingested too much at one time. Therefore, in winter decoration, we should try to use other methods to solve the problem of antifreeze

in fact, as long as we grasp the precautions of winter decoration, it is still a good choice for decoration in winter. Not only will decoration companies not be impatient during construction in the off-season, but also many materials will be reduced in price and promoted by building materials manufacturers at the end of the year, which not only improves the quality of decoration, but also saves some costs





Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI